Degen communism: the only correct political ideology
Degen communism: the only correct political ideology

Degen communism: the only correct political ideology

Created
Apr 1, 2024 2:05 PM
Tags
thesis
TLDR
In this document, the author discusses the concept of "degen communism" as a forward-looking political ideology that embraces chaos and aligns the consequences of chaos with the common good. They explore the application of degen communist ideas in various domains, including cryptocurrency, government policy, and decision-making processes.
Key points
- Old political ideologies are losing popularity. - Degen communism is a forward-looking ideology that embraces chaos and aligns the consequences of chaos with the common good. - Degen communist ideas can be adopted by crypto projects, social media sites, virtual game environments, and governments. - Cryptocurrencies embrace chaos and can become degen communist by implementing various measures such as donating to charity, using airdrops, having public goods funding programs, and forking projects to zero out tokens of concentrated players who make bad decisions. - Government policies can embrace degen communism by implementing land value taxes and promoting more construction, putting Harberger taxes on intellectual property, and expanding safe and legal pathways for immigration. - Decision-making in degen communist institutions should be democratic, dynamic, and prioritize cross-tribal bridging and quality.
ELI5
In this article, the author talks about a new political idea called "Degen communism." They say that many old ways of doing things are not working well anymore, and we need something different. Degen communism is like a mix of chaos and working together for the common good. It's like a wild and exciting game where people take big risks to make the world a better place for everyone.

In 2024, there is a widespread feeling throughout the Western world that all of our political ideologies are outdated, and are increasingly failing us. Old ideas that have dominated elite political thought, whether capitalism or liberalism or progressive social democracy or whatever else, are rapidly losing popularity. The capitalists are supporting tariffs. The libertarians are pushing to ban lab-grown meat, and are actively railing against the few in their ranks who still remember that libertarianism is supposed to be about liberty. The "new authoritarians" of the world, meanwhile, are hardly presenting an attractive alternative.

Some are trying to respond to this crisis by reminding us of the virtues of the old ideals of civility and decorum, hoping that we could wind back the clock and return to them. My friend Dennis Pourteaux is a good example of this kind of mentality:

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The problem is that this is a fundamentally reactionary mentality, and it fails for the exact same reasons why all other reactionary mentalities fail. If before we were at political equilibrium A, and today we are at political equilibrium B, then that alone is strong evidence that A is unstable, and even if you somehow force a transition back to A, the likely outcome is that we'll come right back to B again.

As much as defenders of the ancien regime might wish otherwise, pre-internet old guard elite notions of respectability and decorum are simply fundamentally incompatible with the world as it stands in the 2020s. And so instead of trying to look backward, we need to look forward. So what is the forward-looking ideology that solves these problems? Degen communism.

What is degen communism?

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What does the internet of the 2020s - not the "respectable" internet of Substack, not a hypothetical version of Twitter where the bad people and somehow only the bad people are censored, but the real internet as it exists today - fundamentally want? The answer is, it wants chaos. It does not want gentle debates between professionals who "disagree on policy but agree on civics". It wants decisive action and risk, in all its glory. Not a world with genteel respect for principles, where even the loser peacefully accepts defeat because they understand that even if they lose one day they may still win the next, but a world with great warriors who are willing to bet their entire life savings and reputation on one single move that reflects their deepest conviction on what things need to be done. And it wants a world where the brave have the freedom to take such risks.

At the same time, the general welfare of humanity demands a greater focus on the common good. We've seen too many instances of epic collapses, orchestrated by failed machinations of the elites, where the common people end up screwed but the elites remain immune or even benefit. The 2008 financial crisis was itself an example of this. Rapid advances in technology, and rapid openings in immigration and trade, leave most people better off, but often leave jobless those who are not in a good position to adjust. Rapidly growing tech companies" disrupt" old extractive elites, but then quickly become extractive elites themselves. But most proponents of the common good associate the common good with extreme notions of "social stability", which are often an excuse for keeping old extractive elites entrenched, and in any case are lame and incompatible with the trends of the 21st century. Like the occasional forest fire and its positive effects on antifragility of natural ecosystems, chaos is the mother of revitalization and renewal.

This brings me to the core idea of degen communism: a political ideology that openly embraces chaos, but tweaks key rules and incentives to create a background pressure where the consequences of chaos are aligned with the common good.

Degen communist ideas can be adopted by any type of entity with a network effect: crypto projects, social media sites, virtual game environments and governments. Many of the core ideas are common across all of these categories.

Cryptocurrency: the avant garde in degen. Can it become degen communist?

The world of cryptocurrencies is one of the sectors of society that embraces the "degen" the most. It has ups and downs that are unseen in almost any other market. Meanwhile, the actual effects of the downs are often smaller than they seem, which is why the space has not collapsed completely. A 90% price drop erases billions of dollars of value, but the average dollar lost is only lost in mark-to-market book-value terms: it's people to held on the way up, and kept holding on the way down. The average coin lost from a $100 million defi hack is a coin that was worth ten times less two years earlier. Sometimes, the unpredictable chaos also does good: many memecoins have donated significant amounts to charity.

But even still, when the prices crash, especially due to sudden failures of projects that promised their users stability, too many people get hurt. Could we create a world where the chaos remains, but the human harm that comes from the downfalls is 10x smaller? Here, I will resurrect an idea that I supported during the Terra/Luna collapse of 2022:

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When projects collapse or get hacked, and only partial refunds are possible, don't make the refunds proportional. Instead, make smaller users whole first, up to some threshold (eg. $50k). Two years ago, when I proposed this idea, many treated it with scorn, misrepresenting the idea as asking for government bailouts. Today, nobody seems to care about principles anymore, and so even versions of this idea that are government-backed can perhaps more easily get adopted. Here, though, I am not proposing anything to do with governments; rather, I am proposing that project teams put into their terms of service an expectation that in the event of project insolvency, partial refunds will be prioritized in this way. The only request to governments is that appropriate rules get passed so that bankruptcy courts acknowledge the legitimacy of such arrangements.

This mitigates the downsides of chaos toward the most vulnerable. Now, what about better capturing the upsides of chaos? Here, I support a combination of steps:

  • Memecoins and games can donate a portion of their issuance to charity.
  • Projects can use airdrops that try their best to distribute the most to individual users, as well as public good contributors such as open source software developers, solo stakers, etc. The Starknet airdrop was an excellent demonstration of this, as were other egalitarian airdrops like the ENS airdrop.
  • Projects can have public goods funding programs (whether proactive or retroactive). The first three rounds of optimism retro funding were an excellent example; more projects should replicate this model.
  • If a governance token gets too concentrated, and the concentrated players make bad decisions, the community should be more willing to fork the project and zero out the tokens of the concentrated players who made the bad decisions. This was done most successfully in the Hive fork of Steem.

Many of these ideas, especially those that depend on some notion of "per-person", would have been very difficult to reliably administer in 2019. In 2024, however, we have more and more robust proof of personhood protocols, proofs of community participation such as POAPs, and reusable lists such as Starkware's list of solo stakers that they used for their airdrop. Hence, a degen communist future for crypto is very possible.

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The solution is to merge the two together. Keep the base instinct, especially the base instinct of enjoying watching things blow up, but tilt it toward the common good. In exchange, the base instinct people can enjoy greater legitimacy.

Incidentally, maybe this is why that L2 is called "Base".

What might degen communism look like in government policy?

The two main forms of chaos in the broader world are social media and markets. Rather than trying to defang both, we should embrace both (especially markets), and try to tilt them toward more often serving the common good. Politics is inherently a more slow-moving domain, so the proposals will seem 10x milder. However, the increased scale of their impact more than makes up for it.

Land value taxes and YIMBY

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Today, real estate markets in many parts of the developed world are in crisis. In the most expensive regions, wealthy landowners earn millions by simply holding on to pieces of real estate that they acquired at dirt-cheap prices more than half a century ago. Rules like California's Proposition 13 mean that they only have to pay property taxes calculated as though their plot still had a much lower price. At the same time, many of these same people push to maintain restrictive regulations that prevent more dense housing from being built. This is a society that favors the rich. Traditional leftists' favorite countermeasure, rent control rules, only benefit people who stay in the same place for many years, at the expense of very long waits for new people who want to come in. Meanwhile, governments' ability to raise revenue to fund public services is limited by the fact that if income and sales taxes are pushed too high, people simply go somewhere else.

This status quo is the exact opposite of degen, and the opposite of communist. And so a degen communist will seek to overturn all parts of it. Instead of focusing on taxing income and business, which can flee a state or country that taxes it too heavily, we would put the primary tax burden on land, which cannot. Land value taxes, a yearly property tax proportional on the value of land (but not the buildings on the land), have been broadly supported by many economists for over a century. We can add per-person exemptions, limiting the effects of the tax on the most vulnerable: if we send half the entire revenue from a land value tax directly into a per-person dividend, then anyone who owns less than half the average amount of land (ie. almost all poor people) would net-benefit!

This could be viewed as a market-based tax plus a dividend, or it can be viewed as a rationing scheme, where if you own less land than your quota you can get a reward by renting your excess quota to people who own more.

A degen communist would also repeal restrictive rules that heavily limit what can be built on the land, allowing much more construction to take place. There are already places in the world that follow something close to this approach: much of East Asia and, surprisingly, Austin, Texas.

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Austin skyline, 2014 vs 2023.

Housing supply growth in Austin is fast, and rents are dropping. Texas does not have a land value tax, but it has high property taxes: 1.77% per year, compared to 0.7% per year in much of California. Texas taxes its rich - but it taxes their land, not their income. And it taxes stasis, rather than dynamism, and in doing so it makes itself more affordable to the poor.

Many today are suffering from high prices - so let's drop the prices we can drop (most notably, rent) with a few simple policy changes.

Harberger taxes on intellectual property

So-called "intellectual property" (ie. copyrights and patents) is one of the most elite-controlled forms of "property" around, and one of the forms of government regulation most harmful to dynamism. On the other hand, many are concerned that removing intellectual property entirely would overly harm the incentive to innovate and make artistic works. To strike a balance, I propose a happy medium: we keep copyrights and patents, but put Harberger taxes on them.

This would work as follows. For a copyright or patent to be valid, whoever owns it must publicly register a value, which we will call that copyright or patent's "exclusivity price". They must then pay 2% of the exclusivity price annually in tax (they can change the exclusivity price at any time). Anyone can pay the owner the exclusivity price, and get an unlimited right to also use (and if they wish sub-license, including to the entire world) that copyright or patent. The original owner would retain the right to use in all cases; others can gain permission to use either by getting the original owner's permission, or by paying the owner the exclusivity price.

This accomplishes two goals. First, it fixes defaults: if someone has no interest in making money off of keeping an invention or work exclusive, it sets the default so that it's publicly available for anyone. Second, it leads to more permissionlessness, and less exclusion, on the margin, by putting a price on exclusion. The revenues from this tax could go into a citizen's dividend, or they could go into a quadratic funding pool that supports non-profit science and art.

Immigration

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Left: the US standard immigration system. Backlogged and unfair. Right: the US alternative immigration system. Honest and fair.

One of the most beautiful and deeply good ideas in early communism is the internationalism: the focus on "workers of the world uniting" and songs like The Internationale. In 2024, we are unfortunately in an age of rising nationalism, where it's considered normal for each nation to only care about each own citizens, at the expense of people unlucky enough to be born outside. Faced with these restrictions, some are taking matters into their own hands, making their way into wealthy countries the old-fashioned way - the way that pretty much everyone did up until globalist schemes of social control like passports were introduced about a century ago.

A degen communist would embrace dynamism and change, especially when it seems like such dynamism and change might benefit the global poor more than anyone else. Degen communists would greatly expand safe and legal pathways for people to visit and live where they want to visit and live, trusting in liberalized housing construction, plus governments made wealthy by taxes from such construction, to build needed infrastructure for them. Restrictions would be focused on keeping out particularly risky or bad actors, rather than keeping out almost everyone. A "proof of stake" scheme could be adopted where someone can put down funds (or the right to make future invitations) at stake on a claim that a given person will not break any rules, which would then give that person an automatic right to enter. Security can be improved while total freedom of movement is increased.

Decision-making in degen communism

Decision-making in degen communist institutions would be democratic, and would follow three equally important principles: dynamism, cross-tribal bridging and quality. Decisions could be made quickly, using algorithms that identify ideas that are held in common across groups which normally disagree with each other, and which elevate quality without entrenching a fixed set of elites.

This involves a two-layer stack:

  • Public discussion and consensus-finding platforms, which can allow large groups of people to rapidly participate but include mechanisms to identify points of consensus. This includes tools such as pol.is and Community Notes, which focus on cross-tribal bridging. It also includes prediction markets (eg. Polymarket), which in addition to helping communities surface good predictions, serve the role of giving intellectuals an outlet to express their conviction about their strongest and most fervent beliefs - and for others to bet against them.
  • The final governance mechanism (eg. voting). This can use quadratic voting, though the "cross-tribal bridging" functionality can be enhanced by ideas like the matrix-factoring algorithm in Community Notes or by pairwise-bounded quadratic voting.

These two sets of tools together allow decisions to be made quickly, at large scale, and in a way that favors quality in a dynamic way that allows experts to quickly rise and fall with each individual topic or decision.

In all of these possible implementations, the core theme of degen communism is the same. Do not try to enforce stasis. Instead, embrace the chaos of markets and other fast-paced human activity. At the same time, however, tweak rules in such a way that the upsides get funneled into supporting public goods (including quality of the governance itself), and the downsides get capped or even outright removed for the people who are not able to handle it. This can be a way forward for everyone in the 21st century.